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Softwood timber


A Range Of Quality Softwood Species Available


Illingworth Ingham M/cr Ltd imports a range of high quality softwood timber. Our range includes Clear Douglas Fir, Western Red Cedar, Vertical Grain Hemlock, Siberian Larch, Southern Yellow Pine, Vth Redwood, Unsorted Redwood, Sawfalling Whitewood and Thermowood.


 Bulk Softwood Timber

You can view individual softwood timbers and their specifications further down this page.


We are national merchants, distributors of softwood timber based in manchester, we provide a wide range of timber clear douglas fir, red cedar from sawmill.


All our hardwood and softwood timber can be machined to your required specification or chosen profile in our fully equipped milling and machining operation. This facility encompasses state of the art technology; ensuring the high quality, versatility and quick turnaround you would expect from a market leading professional.


Please note if FSC/PEFC certified softwood timber is required please specify at time of placing an order.


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Softwood timber species available



Laminated softwood timber

laminated softwod timber



Southern Yellow Pine

American Southern Yellow Pine


Superior Strength and Stiffness

Southern Yellow Pine is reputed to be the strongest structural softwood timber species.

Highest Density

Southern Yellow Pine also has the highest density of all structural lumber species, providing superior fastener holding power and load-bearing capacity.

Ideal To Treat

Southern Yellow Pine has long been the preferred species of softwood timber for pressure treatment because of its unique cellular structure that permits deep, uniform penetration of preservatives. Some 85% of all pressure-treated wood produced in the U.S. is Southern Yellow Pine.

Natural Beauty

Southern Yellow Pine offers a distinct grain pattern and an appealing golden colour. Because of this natural beauty, exposed Southern Yellow Pine provides architectural appeal.

Widespread Availability

Southern Yellow Pine is an abundant and renewable resource, growing in a vast band across the Southern United States from East Texas to Virginia. Nearly 400 manufacturers produce Southern Yellow Pine lumber, making it readily available.

Dimensional Stability

Southern Yellow Pine timber with a thickness of 2" and less must be dried to a maximum moisture content of 19%. This minimises shrinkage associated with green lumber and provides long-term stability.






Swatch showing grain and rose colour of Douglas Fir softwood timber
PEFC logo

Douglas Fir is best known for its tough fibre, dense grain structure and strength. Appreciated by designers and architects alike it has a rich visual quality that responds to fine craftsmanship and finishing.

Attractive Grain and Colour


Douglas Fir is a softwood timber with a light, rose colour, which darkens over time when exposed to UV rays. When sawn, its vertical grain is particularly attractive and has a remarkably straight grain pattern. The type and quantity, grain pattern, colour, texture and knot size; as well as quality of manufacturing all determine the grade, with each grade having its own characteristics.
Moisture content levels are carefully controlled in the highest grades to ensure products will meet the strict dimensional stability requirements of furniture manufacturers and cabinet makers.

Exceptional Finish

Douglas Fir machines to an exceptionally smooth, glossy finish and when dry it retains its shape and size without shrinking, swelling, cupping, warping, bowing or twisting, and generally wont show a raised grain.
Clear coatings, transparent lacquer, varnishes, oils, wax, bright or subdued stains, tints or paints and enamels are all appropriate finishes for this softwood timber.



Density : 530kg/M³

Rated as moderately resistant to decay. Needs proper and adequate protection.

Paints, stains and varnishes all work well on this softwood timber.

Easy to cut, saw, plane, nail, turn and glue.
Works readily with hand and power tools.
Moulding qualities very good.

Resistance to Abrasion:
Good, works well in areas where hardness is a factor.



These characteristics make Douglas Fir an ideal softwood timber for all types of joinery applications including fascia, doors, millwork, window and door casings, mantels, stairs and baseboards. Although most softwoods are not suitable for flooring Douglas Fir will hold a finish, remain level, resist scuffing and cracking and maintain its appearance under extreme wear.
The higher grades of Douglas Fir, as stocked by Illingworth Ingham (M/cr) Ltd, are quite refined with sound, tight knots making it suitable for shelving, cladding and panelling. It is dimensionally stable and recognised for its strength-to-weight ratio. Its high specific gravity provides superb nail and plate-holding ability.


1" X 4" -wider 1 1/2" x 4"- wider

1 1/2" x 11 1/4" only 2" x 4" -wider

2 1/2" x 4" -wider 3" x 4"-wider



Western Red Cedar softwood timber - photo showing closeup of bark
Western Red Cedar softwood timber colour sample swatch - creamy yellow to pale brown

Insulation Properties

Western Red Cedar heartwood is renowned for its high decay-resistance and its good insulation properties, far superior to brick, concrete and steel. Therefore structures built from Western Red Cedar will be cooler in summer and warmer in winter. It has very good weathering characteristics which makes this a popular softwood timber for exterior applications.


It has a low wood density and low shrinkage factor which means it is unlikely to warp or twist. Western Red Cedar also has an ability to dampen vibrations, making it effective in reducing or confining noise and therefore a good softwood timber for panelling and moulding.

Flame Spreading Rate

Western Red Cedar's flame spreading rate and smoke developed classification is considerably below the maximum limits set by most building codes.

Great Finishing Properties

The lack of pitch or resinous extractives contributes to its good finishing properties which means it can take a variety of coatings, paints and stains exceptionally well, provided it is dried and properly primed, all of which can be undertaken by Illingworth Ingham.

Working Properties

Western Red Cedar is one of the easiest timbers to work with because of its straight grain and uniform texture. It planes and sands clearly; is easy to saw, nail and glues well with a range of adhesives. It machines well too.


When freshly machined Clear Western Red Cedar seems to vary from a; light straw colour to a dark red/brown, but the colour becomes more uniform in natural light. It is much sought after for its "weathered" appearance. The grain is typically straight and even.


Western Red Cedar is reported to have a very high natural resistance to decay. Reported to perform well when in contact with the ground, although the mild UK winters are the exception as they promote decay.


Illingworth Ingham is able to offer clear grade Western Red Cedar supplied with a smooth finish and is suitable where a more formal appearance is required. Illingworth Ingham can offer a wide variety of patterns for panelling and mouldings or we can custom produce to your requirements.


Cladding Decking Fences and Gates Sidings




Density: Low Wood Density

Class 2 - Long lasting when properly treated

Finishing: Good finishing properties - can take a range of coatings, paints and stains exceptionally well provided it is dried and properly primed. Polishes well too.

Flame spread rating: 67 to 73 (Class II)

Smoke developed classification: 98

Stability: Dimensionally stable and holds its place well in use.

Workability: Saws, planes, sands, nails, turns and glues with ease. Cutting resistance is small but can have a tendency to fray during cross cutting. May cause metals to corrode due to its acidity.


3/4" X 4" ONLY 1" X 4" ONLY
1" X 6" ONLY 2" X 4" ONLY
2" X 6" ONLY 3" X 8" ONLY
4" X 8"-WIDER 6" X 6"-WIDER



Photo showing stacks of ogs of Siberian Larch softwood timber with a crane overhead

Siberian Larch Uses

Siberian Larch is commonly used for cladding and joinery. In fact it has been used in construction for centuries and in Russia it is quite common to find buildings constructed from Larch dating back over 800 years. This softwood timber is ideal for exposed elevations or where there are likely to be knocks or scrapes as it is very hardwearing. Timber cladding is an attractive and economical way to finish the exterior of both new and old buildings and is growing in popularity due to the contemporary feel that it creates. Importantly, it also provides a hardwearing, protective layer against the elements, and it is an excellent insulator. Siberian Larch is also growing in popularity for floors, windows, doorframes and furniture.

Colour and Grain

Siberian Larch has a pale yellow-orange/brown colour with a strong grain pattern. Due to the fact that the trees are slow growing in the extreme climate the result is tight growth rings and a fine grain.

Impressive Dimensional Stability

This characteristic means that it has a low cost of installation and is low maintenance.

Natural Resistance to Decay

Siberian Larch has a naturally high density which makes it more difficult for decaying organisms to penetrate the wood. The harsh Siberian climate means that Siberian Larch has a very high percentage of latewood (over 75%) and a very tight grain. This late wood is denser and stronger than early wood which means it is much more durable. The density means that it is difficult for water and fungi to penetrate this softwood timber, making it naturally resistant to decay. It also has a high resin content which further enhances its resistance to decay and rot, surpassing Oak, Ash and Pine.

One of the Toughest and Most Durable Softwoods in the World

Siberian Larch is a very resinous and extremely hard softwood timber. It is important to distinguish Siberian Larch from European Larch which is less durable & of a lower quality.


Unlike British Larch the knots in Siberian Larch are light in colour and less likely to fall out after drying and machining. Siberian Larch can be sawn, drilled, machined or sanded without any problem. As it is a naturally beautiful wood very little finishing is required. For indoor applications it should be kiln dried.

ILLLINGWORTH INGHAM (M/CR) Stock Availability 1" X 6" ONLY

Unsorted (1st-3rds) - This grade is usually used where a clean, contemporary appearance is required as it usually has a few, relatively small, tight knots.

Fourths - This is the grade most commonly used for cladding. It contains more knots that the unsorted

Sawfalling - contains all grades (1sts-5ths)



Swatch showing the pale straw colour and grain of the timber softwood Vertical Grain Hemlock

North America and Canada

Average Density
700 - 750 kg/m3

Hemlock is a North American species of softwood timber that is commonly used for a range of general joinery purposes including beams, flooring, exterior trims and sidings, furniture, joists, panelling, parquet floors and cabinet making.

Non-durable unless treated.

Working Properties
Very easy to machine and mould and planes to a good finish. Good nail holding properties and very good resistance to splitting. Very good screwing properties. Easily glued.

PEFC available




Density - 510 kg/m3

May be used for all the normal softwood timber purposes including general joinery, furniture, interior joinery, flooring and construction.


Working Properties
Good to machine. Not popular for purposes such as turning or steam bending.


FSC & PEFC available



Photo of stacks of redwood softwood timber in Machester timber merchant Illingworth Ingham's warehouse

Redwood in the timber warehouse



Average Density
510 kg/m3

The timber may be used for furniture, mouldings, joinery, kitchen cabinets, doors, panelling, construction and flooring.


Working Properties
Machines well but knots or resin can sometimes cause problems. Does not bend well. Glues well and nails and screws satisfactorily.

FSC & PEFC available


Photo of unsorted Scandinavian Redwood in Illingworth Ingham's Manchester softwood timber warehouse

Unsorted Scandinavian Redwood


An ideal choice for cladding. This softwood timber should be capable of satisfying performance requirements for 30 years of service when used for cladding.

High durability and excellent stability.

Working Properties
As a result of the Thermowood process the typical characteristics of softwoods are improved to levels often found in tropical hardwoods. There is a reduction in the splitting strength properties of Thermo wood compared to the original timber. As theresin is removed during the process the problem of resin leakage through knots or pitch pockets is also removed.

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For all your timber requirements

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